If you believe in that sort of thing, I should be simply bursting with creative energy after having spent the last week in the homes of weavers Betty Davenport and Linda Hendrickson sleeping and soaking up inspiration in their studios.
At Betty’s I slept under her very own handwoven blankets with a spectacular piece from Bhutan directly above my head.
Above that, the wall extended to a very high ceiling and was adorned with two gorgeous ponchos from Peru.
At Linda’s I was surprised I could even sleep at all with her life’s work of tablet woven and ply-split creations filling every single wall space around my bed not to mention pieces she has acquired from such artists as Bhakti Ziek, Peter Collingwood and a master camel girth braider from India.
But then there were those soothing bands of woven words…
Anyone who has been following my blog will know that I am a big fan of Linda’s tablet woven letters and that I used her book Please Weave Me a Message recently as inspiration to twine weft into words on the strap for my loom bag.
Yes, it was something else being able to spend time with these two rock stars of weaving and I mean “rock star” in more than one sense of the words when I refer to my friend Betty Davenport.
I am guessing that few people know about some of Betty’s other pursuits and talents away from the weaving loom. I will tell you just one of them for now: Betty is a climber…a serious hard-core mountain climber. Well, she will tell you that she doesn’t climb anymore but there she has her award for having climbed the sixteen major peaks of the Cascades. As a member of Washington and Oregon climbing clubs she has traveled to many countries to hike and climb and the part that most impresses me is that she managed to combine this with weaving!
You have no idea how much I wish I had had my love for backstrap weaving back in the days when all I could care about was racing up mountains and roping into canyons. Betty has so many great tales to tell of her travels in the mountainous regions of the world not only bagging peaks and hiking high trails but also meeting weavers and collecting textiles….the perfect combination of activities!
Anyone who has followed my blog will also understand how excited I was to be able to handle my first Huichol piece in balanced double weave and that bone tool on the left is a pick that Betty collected in Peru made from the bone of a condor.
Well, you can be sure that I photographed pretty much everything and still need to do some serious fact checking before I dare to put the pictures here but you will get to see all these treasures as time goes by. When I get home from this trip I will go through everything including Martha Stanley’s wonderful collection and make sure that everything is properly labeled.
And here’s a fun thing…I wrote to Betty back in December 1995 as my Navajo weaving teacher in Colorado had sent me a copy of classified ads in a Handwoven issue. There was an ad for a weavers’ trek in Peru led by someone called Betty Davenport. I had no idea who she was.
At that time I was dying to go to Peru from my home in southern Chile to learn to weave but was quite terrified as the Shining Path had been very active and independent travel in Peru was not considered safe.
However, I was on a tight backpacker budget and, as wonderful as Betty’s itinerary sounded, I could not afford her trip at that time. So off I went on my own.
Would you believe that Betty still had my letter after all these years? She found it amongst old files and gave it to me at Convergence! We met again at the Tinkuy in Peru and now have had some quality time to spend together.
Here’s one more piece of the past to share and this is such a gem! This picture was taken at the Beka Rigid Heddle Conference in 1980. There’s Betty with Adele Cahlander looking at Betty’s then recently published book Textures and Patterns for the Rigid Heddle Loom. Again, if you have been following this blog you will know my high regard for the work of Adele Cahlander and understand why I so love this picture. Look at Adele Cahlander’s woven neck piece. Betty has recently republished a revised edition of her Textures and Patterns…. book.
Betty was my assistant at the backstrap weaving workshop we had in Linda Hendrickson’s studio in Portland. Linda generously offered her lovely space to the ten participants and gave me a place to stay.
Time just flew…it was “a whirlwind” as Linda put it and I so wish we could have spent more time to chat about Linda’s two passions…tablet weaving and ply-splitting. I was taken on a tour of her studio when all the weavers had gone home and we just scratched the surface. Years of work are on display there with each piece created by Linda or given to her having its own intriguing story. I heard about other teachers who had given workshops in that very same space amongst them Ed Franquemont and Peter Collingwood…phew!
Here’s the workshop group after two days of backstrap weaving…
It was a fun and intense time together. I think everyone was pretty tired after day one. At least I didn’t have to travel and got to sleep in our very working space. I know of one participant who went on her way after the class with her backstrap string still attached to her waist, a couple of others went to dinner with name tags still in place and another went home with one of her weaving tools still “parked” in her hair just like some of the Guatemalan weavers do.
Here are a few more shots taken during the two days…
I really enjoyed it but then Andean pick-up took over even though one can easily weave with cards on a backstrap loom too.
I do enjoy picking up those warps and moving them around but I would like to get back into some card weaving if only to be able to better understand some of the woven pieces that I have been running into lately.
Weft twining became such an obsession…why not delve into warp twining?
I am guessing that most people will have seen tablet woven bands with designs similar to that pictured at left.
Just wait until you see how far Linda has pushed this weaving technique!
And then these…
Can you believe these were done with cards? So, I am into analyzing structures and all that but look what fun stuff you can do with card weaving! Too bad I don’t live in a scarf-friendly climate…same goes for socks.
And then there’s the ply-splitting. I was first attracted by the Indian camel girths made in ply-splitting but Linda has taken this technique and run with it. Here is one of her creations:
Her latest book teaches with step-by-step photos and instructions how to make the following ply-split baskets…
You can see each of these baskets on Linda’s website and click to see a larger view with detail of the structure as well as order her book.
So, I have been hanging out in the Pacific North West so it is quite natural that Chilkat and Raven’s Tail weaving has been falling into my lap. First, on the trip up from northern California, my friend Janet and husband Larry took me to a museum called “End of the Trail’ which houses several private collections of Native American crafts, clothing and tools.
Weee! My first Chilkat blanket. No doubt there was one in the museum in DC…somehow I missed it! I had a bus to catch and so we had to limit our visit and just quickly take in as much as possible. It is worth several short visits I would imagine. Janet has been there many times and never tires of it or fails to see something interesting or notice something new from baskets made from rushes, nettles, porcupine quills, beargrass, maidenhair fern, willow, horse hair and wild rye amongst other materials, hats, beadwork and tools made from wood, bone, horn and tooth.
However, this is just a beautiful book to look at, stunningly illustrated and just fun to leaf through. The technique is weft twining with certain special manouvers which allow the twiner to form rounded shapes.
From what I gather, the twining which I studied used by the Montagnard weavers would be referred to in this area as Raven’s Tail.
And that is all I dare tell you lest I get it wrong.
Fortunately Sally Ishikawa came to stay at Betty’s and take my backstrap weaving class and brought with her….
a loom on which she was doing a Raven’s Tail piece plus two completed pieces of beaded and twined work to show. I asked Sally if she would be willing to write something about the techniques and her experience with them and she kindly obliged and so I will leave all further explanation to her….
Raven’s Tail and Chilkat
Three hundred years ago the people of the Western Alaskan Coast wove dramatic, twined robes that were worn around the shoulders during traditional dances. As the robes were danced the bold black and white geometric patterns were reminiscent of the feathers of the Raven as it flew in the sky. Today, these robes are called Raven’s Tail Robes. However, after the 1850s the Raven’s Tail weaving knowledge was nearly forgotten, and only eight complete Raven’s Tail Robes now exist. A weaver named Cheryl Samuel became so interested in this type of weaving that she traveled the world to examine the existing robes, and wrote a book documenting her findings called “The Raven’s Tail”. Today, there are new weavers that are carrying on the Raven’s Tail tradition.
The Ravenstail designs are very linear and geometric, but by 1850 most of the designs being woven were rounded. Perfect circles were possible because of some new developments to the twining technique. More color was also introduced…..especially yellow and blue. Whales, bear, salmon and eagles were a few of the animals that were woven into the Form Line Designs. The robes twined with these designs are called Chilkat Robes. Cheryl also wrote a book called “The Chilkat Dancing Blanket” that describes the history and techniques to weaving this type of robe.
I took a class from Cheryl in both Ravenstail and Chilkat weaving several years ago and have been weaving off and on for several years. Mostly off, I’m sorry to say, but recently I’ve been driving to Portland once a month to weave with John Beard (google him) and several others under his wing.
There is a robe in Portland, Oregon called the Transition Robe.
The upper half of this robe is woven in Ravenstail and the lower part is Chilkat. Since I live close, I’ve been lucky enough to see this robe a couple of times. A few years ago I thought it would be fun to do a little bead weaving and came up with my rendition of the Transition Robe for that.
Now I am trying to recreate that little beaded piece by twining with wool in the Ravenstail/Chilkat tradition. I am using traditional thigh spun warp and 2/12 merino wool for the weft. The loom is a vertical loom with warps that hang freely. The weaving starts at the top and the twining is pushed up to compact.
There are many good books on the designs of North West Coast artists and many good weavers with webs that show really, really beautiful new weavings. Enjoy the search.
I will leave you this week by showing you what my friend Anna has been up to. Remember Anna bicycling her way from Alaska to Ushuaia? Well, she is back in the Netherlands now and is not idle! She is refining her spinning skills on the drop spindle and is taking lessons on a wheel. I think I have started something here.(yay)
This pebble weave band that she was weaving on the road using my book to reinforce the lessons she had in Peru and at my place in Bolivia is now done. She just tied up to her bicycle, a convenient picnic table or chair and wove every chance she could….all the way from my home in Santa Cruz to Ushuaia!
This is what she did with the band…
Her spindle collection is going and she told me that her wheel teacher is eyeing her Bolivian spindle but she is not letting go. I will send her another if the pressure becomes too much!
Bye bye west coast…I am now in Massachusetts. I set off with my lovely standby tickets to fly to Boston via Dallas. I got on the plane in Portland and got off….but not in Dallas as expected. I was seated and buckled up ready to go and then a last minute passenger came and I was removed! So back to square one in Portland. Well that’s how it goes on standby!
I spent the night in Dallas airport outside the secured area and so bedded down in the chapel and then finally made it to Boston the next morning where Pam Engberg is hosting a group of backstrap weavers in her studio/weaving school. Another gorgeous rural setting!! More about that with lovely spring pictures next week. See you then.